Argentina under the Kirchners: The legacy of left populism by Marcela Lopez Levy

Publisher: Latin American Bureau and Practical Action Publishing (2017)

Author: Marcela Lopez Levy

To purchase the book please see this link

 

Synopsis

 

In 2003 Néstor Kirchner took power in a country still reeling from financial meltdown. He set out to reverse the extreme neo-liberal policies of the 1990s, and ruled through heady years of unprecedented economic growth.

Néstor was one half of a political couple — his wife Cristina Fernández de Kirchner won the race for the top job in 2007 and they swapped roles. In 2011 she was voted in for a second term with the highest support ever obtained in a presidential election. And yet in 2015 she was voted out on vague promises of ‘change’.

During the Kirchners’ administrations inequality had fallen, per capita income had nearly doubled, the economy had grown as never before – so what did people want to change? Why did they vote for the first ever democratically elected right-wing government? How was society torn apart into two vitriolic and equal opposing halves?

The legacy of Kirchnerism offers key lessons for progressive politics everywhere – and points to the challenges of taking on resurgent conservative forces in Argentina and around the world.

 

Table of Contents

 

Introduction: Populism, Peronism and the rift
Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007): a new kind of Peronist
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, CFK (2007-2015): contentious gains
Afterword: End of an era

 

Endorsements

 

‘This important book presents a highly readable, timely and definitive analysis of twelve years of Kirchnerism. It is essential reading for those who want to understand the dynamics behind how popular and successful left-wing governments are defeated and conservative administrations elected to replace them in Argentina and potentially other parts of Latin America.’
Daniel Ozarow, Senior Lecturer at Middlesex University and Co-Chair of the Argentina Research Network

 

‘Marcela Lopez Levy is among our foremost experts on Argentinean politics, and her new book offers a superbly insightful analysis of Kirchnerismo, deftly cutting through the controversies in order to clearly situate and explain its origins, achievements, and limitations. This is essential reading for anybody who wishes to understand Argentina’s recent history and will constitute a major work of reference for years to come.’
Dennis Rodgers, Professor of International Development Studies, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Towards just and sustainable economies – The social and solidarity economy North and South

Editors: 

 

Peter North is Reader in Alternative Economies at the University of Liverpool. His research focusses on the transition to a convivial, just and sustainable world at a local level, in the context of the Anthropocene.

Molly Scott Cato is a Green Member of the European Parliament for South West England. She works on finance, tax, trade, food and farming in the Parliament and is a member of the EU-Latin America committee.

 

Publisher:

 

Policy Press, University of Bristol

 

For more information and to purchase the book see this link

 

Synopsis:

(several chapters about Argentina)

 

With capitalism in crisis – rising inequality, unsustainable resource depletion and climate change all demanding a new economic model – the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) has been suggested as an alternative. What can contribute in terms of generating livelihoods that provide a dignified life, meeting of social needs and building of sustainable futures? What can activists in both the global North and South learn from each other?

 

In this volume academics from a range of disciplines and from a number of European and Latin American countries come together to question what it means to have a ‘sustainable society’ and to ask what role these alternative economies can play in developing convivial, humane and resilient societies, raising some challenging questions for policy-makers and citizens alike. – See more at:

 

Chapters

 

Introduction: New Economies North and South: Sharing the Evolution to a Just and Sustainable Future ~ Peter North and Molly Scott Cato;

 

Part I: Theoretical Perspectives on the Social and Solidarity Economy;
Towards a new economics: Concepts and experiences from Latin America ~ Jose Luis Coraggio;
Towards low carbon solidarity economies ~ Peter North;
Monsieur le Capital and Madame la Terre on the Brink ~ Penelope Ciancanelli and David Fasenfest;

 

Part II: The Social and Solidarity Economy as a Site of Social Innovation;
Developing the solidarity economy: Brazil’s social economy incubators ~ Reinaldo Pacheco da Costa;
Innovation, cooperativism and inclusive development: Rethinking technological change and social inclusion ~ Hernán Thomas and Lucas Becerra;
The solidarity economy and the University’s role in creating sustainable evolution ~ Luiz Roberto Alves, Marco Aurelio Bernardes, Victor Gil Neto and Waverli Maia Maratozzo-Neuberger;
Community governance of common resources in North-Eastern Brazil ~ Gilca Oliveira;

 

Part III: The Social and Solidarity Economy and the State;
The Danish low carbon transition and the prospects for a democratic economy ~ Andrew Cumbers;
A Brazilian perspective on the solidarity economy: Transferring Argentine experiences of Barter to Brazil ~ Paul I. Singer and Heloisa Pimavera;
21st century socialism? Venezuela’s solidarity, social, popular and communal economy ~ Dario Azzellini;
Co-construction or prefiguration? Rethinking the ‘translation’ of SSE practices into policy ~ Ana Cecilia Dinerstein;

 

Part IV: Inspiration between north and south;
Being a Zapatista wherever you are: Reflections on academic/activist practice from Latin America ~ Paul Chatterton;
Living Sin Patron: Lessons from Argentina’s societies in movement ~ Marina Sitrin;
The social and solidarity economy in Argentina and the UK: Convergence from opposite directions ~ Molly Scott Cato and Paolo Raffaelli;

 

Conclusion ~ Peter North and Molly Scott Cato

 

Endorsements

 

“This ambitious and engaging set of dialogues on the dynamics of the social and solidarity economy is both timely and necessary. By bringing together an international set of scholars from Latin America and the UK Towards Just and Sustainable Economies develops important and insightful contributions to fostering alternatives to the deleterious consequences of neoliberalism.” Dr David Featherstone, University of Glasgow

Exclusive, Limited-Period Discount: Argentina since the 2001 Crisis: Recovering the Past, Reclaiming the Future

Exclusive, Limited-Period Discount:

Argentina since the 2001 Crisis: Recovering the Past, Reclaiming the Future

Cara Levey, Daniel Ozarow, and Christopher Wylde (editors)

Network members and supporters have put together and edited collection of papers that has recently been published by Palgrave Macmillan. It is available to order here. For a limited time only a 30% discount is available between 1st August and 30th August 2016 entering the code PM16THIRTY. Please ask your university, library or institution to order a copy. Purchase your copy now either as a Hardcopy or ebook to take advantage of this exclusive offer!

Abstract

Book coverCrisis is a term that is much used in the post-Lehman Brothers world. The subsequent responses and associated recoveries (or lack of) have been the subject of a cascade of academic, government, media, and think-tank investigation ever since. This volume will analyse crisis and its associated responses and subsequent recovery in the context of Argentina’s multiple social, economic and political implosion of 2001/02. However, this volume is unique in its understanding of the nature of how crisis and its impacts should be investigated and interrogated. First, it seeks to reject false dichotomies of ‘old’ and ‘new’; instead synthesising understanding to form an analysis that draws both elements of continuity and elements of change into the debate. Second, it recognises that crisis manifests itself in a number of realms – political, economic, social – and that heuristic devices employed to investigate them must subsequently also be drawn from a number of academic realms. This second point is in recognition of the fact that models of political economy, by their very nature and definition, come to encompass all aspects of social life and social reproduction.

Therefore, the neoliberalism of the 1980s and 1990s in Argentina (and Latin America more widely) manifested itself not just in economic policy but also in the nature of Argentina’s social contract, its cultural production and its very social fabric. The 2001-02 crisis in Argentina led to a rejection of the neoliberal model and therefore the responses and associated recovery can and indeed must be analysed and interpreted from a myriad of lenses in order to adequately capture the nature of important dynamics that are present in the response and recovery to the crisis of 2001/02.

Rationale & Original Contribution

Interbarrial Parque Cent June 2002This timely publication seeks to understand and explain the many impacts of and contrasting responses to the Argentine political, economic and social crises of 2001-02. In this way, the volume illustrates how periods of unprecedented social upheaval permeate all aspects of state and society. The chapters in this volume critically examine the period in question through the lens of a range of disciplines, examining the relationship between cultural, political, economic and societal spheres and from the unique perspective of its ten year anniversary. This allows the book to analyse not only the crisis itself – and multiple understandings of the term – , but also the myriad of responses to it, as well as the long term dynamics of processes of recovery. The volume therefore includes the following topics: macroeconomic and social policy under the Duhalde and Kirchner presidencies, popular resistance, literary and cultural representations, and changing models of political economy. It includes chapters with original theoretical models that help to evaluate the various dynamics of the crisis, as well as presenting empirical work from a rich variety of disciplinary backgrounds that illuminate the various reactions to Argentina’s economic, political and social implosion across different sections of society and utilising different levels of analysis (from civil society to the state through to analysis of global processes). The terms “crisis”, “response” and “recovery” therefore extend beyond narrow understandings of the economy to encompass the political, societal and cultural fields. These different contributions are grounded in coherent analytical and polemical consistency which is aided by the co-authorship of the first chapter by the three editors, as well as the strict guidelines to which the volume contributors are to adhere.

CTA June 2002This country-focused volume proposes to analyse the multiple and varied effects of the 2001 crisis and how it has been be addressed. Argentina represents a particularly interesting case, often resisting attempted theoretical categorisation by various scholars (for example, neither Casteñeda’s infamous ‘good left’ nor ‘bad left’ model can be readily attributed to Argentina). This publication seeks to move away from such attempts at categorisation, instead grounding its analysis in a truly interdisciplinary framework that offers a comprehensive overview of the different aspects and dynamics of El Argentinazo and its immediate and more long-term impacts on Argentine state and society.

SECTION & CHAPTER OUTLINE

Table of Contents
 
FOREWORD – Colin Lewis, London School of Economics
 
INTRODUCTION
Revisiting the Argentine Crisis a Decade on: Changes and Continuities?
Cara Levey, Daniel Ozarow, Christopher Wylde (Editors)
 
PART I – The Political Economy of (Post) Crisis Argentina
 
CHAPTER 1
Continuity and change in the interpretation of upheaval: Re-examining the Argentine Crisis of 2001-02
Christopher Wylde, Richmond the American International University in London
 
CHAPTER 2
Post-Convertibility growth in Argentina: long term dynamics and limits, 1960-2008
Cecilia T. Lanata Briones & Rubén M. Lo Vuolo, LSE/ Centro Interdisciplinario para el Estudio de Politicas Publicas (Ciepp), Buenos Aires
 
CHAPTER 3
Macro-economic governance in Post-neoliberal Argentina and the relentless power of TNCs: The case of the soy complex
Miguel A. Rivera Quiñones, University of Sussex
 
PART II – Social Movements and Mass Mobilisation before, during and after Que se vayan todo
 
CHAPTER 4
“It’s the economy, stupid”, Or is it? The role of political crises in mass mobilisation: The case of Argentina in 2001
Olga Onuch, University of Oxford
 
CHAPTER 5
Disagreement and hope: the hidden transcripts in the grammar of political recovery post-crisis Argentina
Ana Cecilia Dinerstein, University of Bath
 
CHAPTER 6
Argentina since 2001: From spontaneous uprising to ‘transition’, or a crisis intermezzo?
Heike Schaumberg, University of Manchester
 
CHAPTER 7
Revisiting Argentina 2001-2013: From ‘Que se vayan todos! to the Peronist Decade
Maristella Svampa, CONICET (National Centre for Scientific and Technical Research),/ Universidad Nacional de la Plata
 
PART III – Cultural and Media Responses to the 2001 Crisis
 
CHAPTER 8
Tropical Buenos Aires: Representations of race in Argentine literature during the 2001 crisis and aftermath
Ignacio Aguiló, University of Manchester
 
CHAPTER 9
Desalambrando el aire: Communication and indigenous struggles in post-crisis Patagonia
Saskia Fischer, Queen Mary, University of London
 
CHAPTER 10
Assembling the past, performing the nation: The Argentine bicentenary and regaining of public space in the aftermath of the 2001 crisis
Cecilia Dinardi, City University, London
 
AFTERWORD – Ezequiel Adamovsky, University of Buenos Aires/CONICET
 
Interior Bruckman Factory
bancos

Serial payers, serial losers? The political economy of Argentina’s public debt

Title: Serial payers, serial losers? The political economy of Argentina’s public debt

Journal: Economy and Society, 45 (1) pp.123-147

Authors: Francisco J. Cantamutto (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, México) and Daniel Ozarow (Middlesex University, London)

Full article available here (Open Access):

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03085147.2016.1161118

 

Abstract

Vulture funds 1A global neoliberal architecture has enabled many countries to increase their public debts to meet their fiscal needs. But since 2008 a number of European and North American economies have faced financial crises induced by unsustainable debts. This paper analyses the case of post-default Argentina since 2001, so as to better comprehend the political economy of public debt, especially in cases where governments are elected on anti-austerity platforms. Presidents Néstor and Cristina Kirchner were committed to a debt-reduction policy, yet Argentina faced a new, ‘selective’, default in 2014. This paper analyses how the country has been trapped in a cycle of debt dependency, which can only be interrupted by a comprehensive audit of the debt’s legitimacy followed by debt cancellation. Critical lessons are provided for other countries facing similar situations.

New e-archive available from Argentina’s Inter-university Programme of Political History

PUHPArgentina’s Programa Interuniversitario de Historia Política is hosting a new Virtual Platform which holds 70 open access research documents covering a number of thematic areas. These are now accessible to researchers and specialists and available here.

http://historiapolitica.com/dossiers/

https://historiapolitica.academia.edu/ProgramaInteruniversitariodeHistoriaPol%C3%ADtica/Papers

https://www.facebook.com/pages/historiapoliticacom/209826482398293

Call for Papers: Rethinking the ‘proceso’: The Argentine Dictatorship (1976-1983) in Perspective

Call for Papers:

Rethinking the ‘proceso’: The Argentine Dictatorship (1976-1983) in Perspective

March 24, 2016 – UCL Institute of the Americas

Argentina Dictatorship

Presentation

The coup d’etat of March 24, 1976 was a key and dark landmark in the history of Argentina, one that has been demanding ever since intense efforts of analysis. The complex political and economic system established in the aftermath of the Second World War was brutally transformed under the self-denominated “Proceso de Reorganización Nacional”. Unlike some of the previous military coups, the longstanding effects of this “processing” of Argentine society are a complex legacy still present at many levels of Argentine society.

In the past 40 years scholars have approached the dictatorship from a number of different perspectives. From the first contemporary reactions, the literature inspired by the so-called transition to democracy or the “two demons” to the recent rereading of state repression, the opening of archives and the studies of collective memory and new understandings of militant activity, the field has been characterised by strongly diverse methodological and political traditions. This anniversary is a unique opportunity to provide a balance of the research undertaken so far and to further widen the debate about the legacy of the dictatorship in this long-term perspective.

This conference is an invitation to discuss recent research on relevant aspect of the last Argentine dictatorship. It seeks to attract scholars from across the humanities and the social sciences by focusing on an interdisciplinary and broad examination of both the social and political history and the political economy of the process, attempting to explore changes in capital accumulation alongside new patterns of domination and resistance or conflict.

Contributions are invited that address themes such as, but by no means exclusive to:

  • Violence, repression and human rights violations since 1976
  • Political economy of the dictatorship: debt crisis, deindustrialisation and financialisation
  • Crisis and end of the dictatorship: Malvinas/Falklands war and democratic ‘transition’
  • Exile, human rights movements and memory making in post dictatorship

Selected papers may be invited for inclusion in a planned edited collection depending on the overall range of papers submitted, quality of the material and the interest of the participants. There will be a number of small grants available to cover travel and accommodation costs.

Proposals for contributions should include a title, an abstract of approx. 300 words, and a brief (max. 50 word) biographical statement, and should be sent to the convenors by December 15, 2015.

The convenors should be contacted at:

Juan Grigera: j.grigera@ucl.ac.uk

Luciana Zorzoli: lzorzoli@fahce.unlp.edu.ar

Applicants should also indicate if they wish to be considered for a travel grant with an indication of anticipated expenses.

Registration fees: £30, concessionary rates (students): £20

Key dates

30 September-15 December – Call for papers

15 December: Abstract submission

15 February: Paper submission

24 March: Conference

15 June: Submission of edited pieces for edited collection

New article: From Blanket Impunity to Judicial Opening(s) H.I.J.O.S. and Memory Making in Postdictatorship Argentina (2005–2012)

JuxtapositionCara Levey and Francesca Lessa (in special issue of Latin American Perspectives

 

With the increasing opportunities for justice ushered in by the repeal of the Full Stop and Due Obedience laws in 2005, the struggles for memory and justice by Argentina’s H.I.J.O.S. (Sons and Daughters for Identity and Justice against Forgetting and Silence) have shifted focus. Pre-2005, the organization used escraches (public demonstrations in which the perpetrators of human rights violations are “outed”) to respond to the problem of top-down impunity in Argentina, condemn the atrocities, and expose the legal immunity enjoyed by the perpetrators. Post-2005, it has employed escraches to bring to the fore shortcomings in the judicial sphere by widening its selection of targets. Furthermore, new activities outside and inside the courtroom reflect the new landscape of justice, celebrating the advent of justice and accompanying victims, survivors, and witnesses in this process while continuing to highlight persistent shortcomings and obstacles in the judicial sphere.

Con las nuevas oportunidades para la justicia que trajo la anulación de las leyes de Punto Final y de Obediencia Debida en 2005, la organización argentina H.I.J.O.S. (Hijos e Hijas por la Identidad y la Justicia contra el Olvido y el Silencio) ha reorientado el enfoque de sus luchas por la memoria y la justicia. Antes de 2005, la organización usaba los escraches (manifestaciones públicas en las cuales los responsables de violaciones derechos humanos son “sacados del closet” o puestos al descubierto) para responder al problema de la impunidad en la Argentina, condenar las atrocidades y poner de manifiesto la impunidad legal de la cual gozaban los autores de las violaciones. Después de 2005, los escraches ampliaron la selección de sus blancos de ataque y sirvieron para llamar la atención sobre las deficiencias del sistema judicial. Además, las nuevas actividades fuera y dentro de los tribunales reflejan el nuevo panorama de la justicia, al celebrar la llegada de la misma y acompañar a las víctimas, a los sobrevivientes y a los testigos en este proceso mientras continúan denunciando las deficiencias y los obstáculos persistentes en la esfera judicial.

Please see here for online first access http://lap.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/03/04/0094582X15570887.abstract